Standing at 38 m (125 ft), this lofty obelisk is the centerpiece of Tian’anmen Square. Completed in 1958, the stone pillar is made from granite that was lugged from the Shandong city of Qingdao, and its base delivers bas-relief sculptures of major revolutionary and patriotic events (e.g. Lin Zexu destroying British opium in Humen). Here you can also find engraved calligraphy from the Party’s key players Zhou Enlai and Mao himself. Mao’s particular etching reads “The People’s Heros live in Eternal Glory” ( Rénmín Yīngxióng Yǒngchuí Búxiǔ 人民英雄永垂不朽). Swing by at night to see the monument bathed in a pretty sea of light.